The analysis presented in this report and the accompanying fact sheet about the Black population of the United States combines the latest data available from multiple data sources.
It is mainly based on data from the U. The ACS is used to present demographic and economic characteristics for each group. This report relies on self-identification of race and ethnicity in U. In addition, the racial and ethnic used by the U. These changes may impact how many people identify as Black or any other race.
Million people in the u.s. identify as black
Black population or total Black population refers to all people who self-identify as Black in Country black people United States. This includes those who say their race is only Black; those who say Black is one of two or more races in their background; and those who say they their race is Black, or that one of their races is Black but also indicate they are of Hispanic or Latino or Black origin.
The terms Black population and Black people are used interchangeably in this report.
The terms single-race Black and Black alone are used interchangeably throughout the report to refer to the same population. This population is made up of individuals who self-identify only as Black and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. The term multiracial Black is used to refer to people who self-identify as two or more races and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino.
The term Black Hispanic is used to refer to those who self-identify as Black and Hispanic or Latino, as well as those who self-identify as multiracial Black and Hispanic or Latino. The terms Hispanic or Latino are used interchangeably throughout this report.
White refers to people who self-identify as White only single race and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. Asian refers to people who self-identify as Asian only single race and do not identify as Hispanic or Latino. Foreign born refers to people born outside of the United States to parents neither of whom was a U. The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably in this report. In this report, we refer to several generations. These are defined by their birth years and ages in as follows:. The Country black people population of the United States is diverse.
Its members have varied histories in the nation — many are descendants of enslaved people, while others are recently arrived immigrants. The Black population also has nuanced ethnic and racial identities reflecting intermarriage and international migration.
As a result, there are key distinctions in demographic and economic characteristics between different parts of the national Black population, highlighting its diverse multitude of backgrounds. The U. Black population is also growing. In That is up from Another 2.
A growing share are foreign born, the population is aging though some segments are ificantly youngerand a growing share are Country black people graduates. These trends and more are explored in this report. Findings for all Black people, non-Hispanic single-race Black people, non-Hispanic multiracial Black people and Black Hispanics are shown separately.
A downloadable spreheet of findings is also available. Racial identity — as measured by the U. The census has drastically changed since its first administration in Then, only two racial were included: free which mostly included White people and slaves who were mostly enslaved Black people.
The Country black people Bureau has modified terms used to refer to people of non-White racial identities throughout the years, in accordance with the politics and sensibilities of the times. Respondents choose their racial response themselves. This was not true for over a century of censuses.
However, starting that year, some respondents could self-identify, or chose their own racial category. Self-identification was expanded in subsequent censuses to include virtually all respondents. Additionally, starting inCountry black people data included information from the entire population on Hispanic or Latino ethnic identity in addition to their racial identification. And the census marked the first time respondents were able to include themselves in more than one racial Country black people prior to that year, multiracial respondents could select only one racial category.
Multiracial Americans were one of the population groups that were more likely to change their racial identification between the two decennial census years. The age structure of the Black population has also changed since As ofthe median age Country black people single-race, non-Hispanic Black people is 35, compared with 30 in The median age for the entire Black population is 32, though it varies across the differing identities among the Black population.
Among Black Hispanic people, it is 22 years. Meanwhile, multiracial Black people are the youngest group, with a median age of Black population are members of Generation Z — born between and and ages 7 to 22 in A further one-in-ten were under the age of 7 that year. Black population is age 22 or younger. Regionally, the share of the national Black population living in the South has grown.
Meanwhile, somewhat higher shares lived the Midwest and Northeast in than in The growth of the Black population in the South suggests a departure from Black migration patterns. The first half of the 20th century featured increasing shares of the population residing in regions of the U. Consequently, each decade featured decreasing shares of the Black population living in the South.
Starting inshares of the Black population who live in the South have grown.
The growing diversity of black america
With more than 3. Florida has the second largest population at 3. Other top states of residence include New York 3. Although the top five states of residence have remained the same for Black people as inthe order shifted substantially, with New York and California dropping from the two largest to fourth and fifth in InNew York 3.
Top states of residence differ by racial subgroup. Notably, Texas, New York and Florida make the top five for all subgroups. Country black people metropolitan area with greatest of Black people is the New York metropolitan area, with roughly 3. The New York City area has been the top urban center since at least for Black people, though other metro areas are on the rise. Inthe Atlanta metropolitan area came in a distant second, Country black people 2. By comparison, inthe Chicago metropolitan area had the second largest Black metro population and Atlanta had the fourth largest.
The New York City metropolitan area has the largest Black population across the three Black racial and ethnic subgroups, but the other top large metropolitan areas differ across. However, the top metropolitan areas for multiracial Black people and Black Hispanics differ. The of Black adults with a college degree or more education has more than doubled since That grew to 6.
What traveling to every country in the world taught me about race
Notably, the share of the Black population with at least a college degree has risen at a similar rate to that of the general population. There were differences in educational attainment in among different subgroups of the Black population. The share of Black adults 25 and older without Country black people high school diploma or its equivalent, such as a GED certificate has dropped substantially — by more than half — since In s, 2. Black immigrants are mostly from just two regions of the world. Sincethe U. Black population has not seen ificant increases in median household income.
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But household income of Black households varies. The shares represent an improvement over the distribution of Black household income in Income inequality within the Black population remains one of the widest within a major racial or ethnic group. InBlack-headed households with income in the 90th percentile among the population of Black households earned 14 times that of Black households with income in the 10th percentile.