Based on focus groups for male customers who frequented Asian massage parlors in San Francisco, the present study described their sexual and drug use behaviors and attitudes toward practicing safe sex with Asian masseuses. A pervasive view among patrons was that they could engage in sex with masseuses without using a condom if they offered extra money.
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Customers perceived massage parlors as being a safe place compared with street sex venues. Some customers sought emotional attachment with Asian masseuses and expressed stereotypical views toward them as being Massage parlor rates and submissive. Commercial sex venues at massage parlors in the USA are distinguished by the service providers mostly Asian immigrant women from South Korea, China, Vietnam, Thailand, and other Asian countries and service delivery systems which are based on private negotiations between Asian masseuses and customers to exchange money for sexual services.
Typically, customers pay massage fees at massage parlor premises and enter into a massage room and negotiate sexual services. A health promotion study for Asian masseuses in San Francisco was implemented in [ 1 — 3 ].
Hourly rate for industry: massage parlor
The qualitative study showed that Asian masseuses face difficult choices over condom use due to economic incentives to earn extra money through not using a condom, as well as keeping relationships with regular customers [ 2 ]. In addition, intimidation, such as fear of threats and victimization from massage parlor managers and customers, has contributed to unsafe sexual practices among Asian masseuses [ 2 ].
FSWs working at brothels in Nevada were likely to report that male customers were often unwilling Massage parlor rates use condoms, although customers were aware of the mandatory condom use law in Nevada [ 19 ]. More than half of the sex workers in this study reported having had at least one customer who resisted using a condom in the month. This study aimed to describe HIV-related risk behaviors, focusing on unprotected sex with Asian masseuses and sex under the influence of alcohol and illicit drugs among customers who frequented massage parlors.
First, we conducted mapping and identified a total of 23 massage parlors in the Massage parlor rates area of San Francisco where Asian masseuses exchanged sex for money with customers. Massage business establishments that provided physical relaxation massage were excluded from the study.
Data reported here were collected from focus groups for male customers that frequented massage parlors in San Francisco. Participants in the focus groups were recruited through referrals from masseuses and recruitment fliers which were distributed near the targeted massage parlors.
The study had two waves of data collection. In the intervention study, trained Korean and Vietnamese health educators provided eligible and consented Asian masseuses and massage parlor owners with three 1. Each focus group lasted three hours. Potential participants were screened for eligibility when they called our project staff and screened again before participating in a focus group.
The groups were moderated by trained Asian female project staff.
The moderators read the informed consent form at the beginning of focus group, and consent was obtained from the participants. After the participants completed a brief survey, Massage parlor rates moderators facilitated discussions using a discussion guide.
The entire focus group discussion was digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Measures in the Short Survey. Focus Group Discussion Guide. Data Analysis. Qualitative analyses were guided based on grounded theory [ 20 ]. Three coders first read the focus group transcripts individually and identified emerging themes, following the Massage parlor rates guide. Then, the themes were discussed by the coders together to develop a system of coding. Each coder directly entered ased codes in the transcripts. Then, as a group, the coders discussed the discrepancies in coding and all members consented the coding.
More than two-thirds of the participants were single. Because of the nature of focus group discussions, it is difficult to quantify or present the exact or percentage of the participants who agree or disagree with certain statements or opinions. The participants also reported that condoms were usually available at massage parlors and that masseuses initiated using condoms with them. You do the shower or bath thing and then you lay down, and then they start rubbing you, and after you do the extra, like kissing on your neck, rubbing your leg, then they do their thing down there.
Then, next thing you know the bitch condom is on.
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You know, most of them are pretty smooth by not breaking the moment. No condoms or nothing. No condoms in the room ever. No condoms mentioned anything. But, before then, no I did not use condoms. Participants described instances when masseuses agreed to have unprotected sex with customers for extra money. However, none Massage parlor rates the participants in the focus groups admitted to this behavior.
Do not tell anyone else. However, it gets around pretty quick that if this girl is not using one that a lot of the clients stay away from her and she get a bad reputation because you are really taking a gamble on having unprotected sex with this person. Participants preferred having oral sex without using a condom unless masseuses insisted on using it.
But sometimes, I do not know, may be the girl is attracted to you and they feel safe or something and then they give you oral without using a condom. The levels of AIDS-knowledge among the participants were low: they correctly answered 10 Massage parlor rates of 20 questions, on average.
Furthermore, the majority of participants reported low levels of perceived susceptibility toward HIV infection. I can understand a woman getting it from a man, I can understand a man getting it from a man, and I can understand a drug user Massage parlor rates from each other. Many participants also expressed that massage parlors were safe place for having sex with women.
The secure environment of massage parlors with on-site presence of managers and security cameras made the participants not only feel that the establishments were safe and protected but also assume that masseuses were disease-free compared with street sex workers. And that fulfilled my fantasy You know, people are getting violent, cops, getting busted. I figure half of them are HIV positive.
And, somebody at a massage parlor, they might be a little more safer. If you pick up a girl on the street, you do have a chance of getting robbed, getting busted by police, getting embarrassed by going to jail, you know all that stuff. Some participants expressed that they were looking for forbidden or exotic sexual encounters with Asian women, seeking intimacy, connection, and relationships and desiring to be treated well and respected.
Participants also expressed their preference toward having sex with Asian women and biases and prejudices against Asian masseuses. Some participants expressed stereotypical views of Asian women as exotic, submissive, and docile, leading to sexual curiosity or fantasies about them. I found that sex with Asian women can be very exciting. You know, so it satisfied a curiosity the first time. I will do a little role playing during sex. And, I will talk to them and say this is Massage parlor rates I like, this is what I want you to be.
So, for me, it was like that companionship, almost feeling like you are worthy or desirable. A better provider Asian massage parlors is going to make you feel that way. Many participants expressed opinions that Asian masseuses might engage in sex work due to their limited English skills, immigration status, and economic needs.
Some African-American and Caucasian participants expressed their attitudes Massage parlor rates overpower and control masseuses and views about the business exchange with masseuses, which were fair to them. I know they are immigrants. Some of them do not want to be there.
I am not going to be mean to them, but I might as well use them to satisfy my need. The customers acknowledged that they were paying not only for sex but also for being treated nicely by Asian masseuses. My perception is that it is a male dominated society. They like hey, you here for a service and they treat you with kindness because they are going to get paid. But, also looking at the position that these people are in, I think my actions are also kind of predatory. I think they are necessary and sex will Massage parlor rates be part of business in America.
One girl kind of put up an argument, really got it was surprising. I expect the Asian woman to tend to play it or at least act submissive. And this girl started arguing. I was surprised.
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Many participants visited parlors multiple times in a month and some visited on a weekly basis. Some stated that they visited the same massage parlors for security reasons. Others stated that they preferred to see different nationalities of Asian masseuses or used websites to search for massage parlors that would satisfy their needs. Twice a month because I get paid every two weeks. And they know me and I know them. They know what I want. And, sometimes you just want to try and explore something else. Several Asian participants revealed that they went to Asia for vacations and business trips and visited massage parlors on a daily basis during their trips.
Over here, there is a negative taboo on it. So, there Massage parlor rates less of taboo over there and much better selection of women. Some participants talked about Massage parlor rates sex venues in the USA, such as brothels in Nevada, where prostitution is legal in some counties. But now, they absolutely demand it.
And then, 6 months later, they had stacks and stacks of condoms in every room.
And girls were really careful on that. That was kind of a distraction. Many focus group participants described using alcohol and drugs before visiting massage parlors. Frequent alcohol use was commonly reported by Asian participants. Some Asians said that they would drink to release their tension and nervousness when visiting massage parlors.
Other Asians reported often visiting massage parlors after heavy drinking with friends or business clients as a part of male-bonding or Massage parlor rates activities.